Monday, April 22, 2019

Coronado departs Culiacán in search of Seven Cities of Cíbola

 
(Texas Day by Day) On this day in 1540, an expedition led by Spanish explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado left Culiacán in Mexico in search of the Seven Cities of Cíbola, concerning which wondrous tales had been brought to Mexico by Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca.
There was no gold at Cíbola (the Zuñi villages in western New Mexico), but the explorer was led on by stories of great rewards to be found in Quivira, a region on the Great Plains far to the east.
Chasing this chimera occupied Coronado until the early part of 1542; along the way he apparently marched across the Llano Estacado of eastern New Mexico and the Texas Panhandle, passing through present Palo Duro Canyon. Continued

Sunday, April 21, 2019

Easter in the Dugout


(NYTBR) ... When a steer’s leg came crashing through its sod ceiling, Wilder wrote that Ma and Laura “laughed because it was funny to live in a house where a steer could step through the roof. It was like being rabbits.”
The Caseys’ dugout was less jolly: “scorpions, lizards, snakes, gophers, centi­pedes and moles wormed their way out of our walls and ceilings.” In rainstorms, Walls writes, “the dugout turned to mud. Sometimes clumps of that mud dropped from the ceiling and you had to put it back in place.” Once, during an Easter dinner, a rattlesnake dropped onto the table, and Lily’s father took a break from carving the ham to chop off its head.
Wilder’s stories have acquired such mythic power (in “The Glass Castle,” Walls lists them among her favorite childhood books) that it can be easy to forget how many American families shared similar histories, each with their own touchstones of calamity, endurance and hard-won reward. Continued


Photos: 1. Oklahoma dugout c1909 (Library of Congress). 2. The Faro Caudill [family] eating dinner in their dugout, Pie Town, New Mexico 1940 (Russell Lee/Library of Congress)

Battle of San Jacinto

 
(Wikipedia) The Battle of San Jacinto, fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Harris County, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution.
Led by General Sam Houston, the Texian Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexican army in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes.
Santa Anna, the President of Mexico, was captured and surrendered the following day and held as a prisoner of war. Three weeks later, he signed the peace treaty that dictated that the Mexican army leave the region, paving the way for the Republic of Texas to become an independent country. Continued

Saturday, April 20, 2019

Ludlow Massacre

 
(Wikipedia) The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado, on April 20, 1914. About two dozen people, including miners' wives and children, were killed. The chief owner of the mine, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., was widely criticized for the incident.
The massacre, the culmination of an extensive strike against Colorado coal mines, resulted in the violent deaths of between 19 and 26 people; reported death tolls vary but include two women and eleven children, asphyxiated and burned to death under a single tent. Continued

Friday, April 19, 2019

Deaf Smith

(Wikipedia) Erastus "Deaf" Smith (April 19, 1787 – November 30, 1837) was an American frontiersman noted for his part in the Texas Revolution and the Army of the Republic of Texas. He fought at the Grass Fight and the Battle of San Jacinto. After the war, Deaf Smith led a company of Texas Rangers. His name was generally pronounced /ˈdiːf/ DEEF.
... Deaf Smith County, Texas is named in his honor, which unlike his nickname, is pronounced by most residents as /ˈdɛf/ DEFF. Continued

Thursday, April 18, 2019

West Texas Regionalist Painter Born in Milford


(TSHA) Harry Carnohan, artist and critic, was born on April 18, 1904, in Milford, Texas, the second of three sons of William George and Maie (Rogers) Carnohan. He grew up in the Oak Cliff area of Dallas after moving there with his family at an early age.
He studied art under Vivian Aunspaugh and Frank Reaugh. He continued his studies at the Art Institute of Chicago, where in June 1926 he was awarded the Bryan Lathrop Traveling Fellowship for study in Europe. He spent the next 4½ years studying in Paris and other major European art centers. During this period he studied for a year with the influential modernist teacher André L'Hote and exhibited his work at the Salon d'Automne in Paris (1927).
Following his European sojourn Carnohan returned to Dallas, where he became active in the Dallas Nine, a circle of regionalists. Continued

Wednesday, April 17, 2019

Screwmen, Spidermen, and Cotton’s Gilded-Age Gargantua


(History Bandits) … With the invention of the compress, continued railroad expansion, and the advent of electrical telegraphic communication, the cotton industry moved away from formerly monopolistic coastal cities, such as Houston, Galveston, and New Orleans, and moved inland to larger markets, now accessible by rail and interior water sources, such as St. Louis, Chicago, Memphis, Kansas City, and Dallas.
Following the Civil War, farmers flocked to the frontier regions of Texas, which led all states in cotton production by 1889. By 1990, Texas gins accounted for thirty-four percent of the nation’s production. Continued

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Selena

(Wikipedia) Selena Quintanilla-Pérez (April 16, 1971 – March 31, 1995) was an American singer, songwriter, spokesperson, model, actress, and fashion designer.
Called the Queen of Tejano music, her contributions to music and fashion made her one of the most celebrated Mexican-American entertainers of the late 20th century.
Billboard magazine named her the top-selling Latin artist of the 1990s decade, while her posthumous collaboration with MAC cosmetics became the best-selling celebrity collection in cosmetics history. Media outlets called her the "Tejano Madonna" for her clothing choices.
She also ranks among the most influential Latin artists of all time and is credited for catapulting a music genre into the mainstream market. Continued

Monday, April 15, 2019

The Historians versus the Genealogists

My great grandmother standing under portraits of  her parents, my great-great grandparents.
(NYTimes) ... History and genealogy, after all, are two radically divergent takes on the past. The first says, “This matters.” The second says, “This matters to me.” Continued

Sunday, April 14, 2019

Panhandle-Plains Museum trades Yikkiyay for Rococo


CANYON, Texas (KAMR/KCIT) - The Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum celebrates the Lucille Nance Jones collection at its first formal gala, UnVeiled: Rococo - An Evening of French Opulence on April 13 starting at 6 p.m. Guests will be visually transported to Versailles, the birthplace of the Rococo Movement. They will also get to see treasures from the 1,000-item collection of Lucille Nance Jones which were donated to the PPHM in 1972. Continued

The Black Sunday Dust Storm of 1935

"Dust storm. It was conditions of this sort which forced many
 farmers to abandon the area. Spring 1935. New Mexico" - Dorothea Lange
(Wikipedia) Black Sunday refers to a particularly severe dust storm that occurred on April 14, 1935, as part of the Dust Bowl. It was one of the worst dust storms in American history and it caused immense economic and agricultural damage.
It is estimated to have displaced 300 million tons of topsoil from the prairie area in the US. On the afternoon of April 14, the residents of the Plains States were forced to take cover as a dust storm, or "black blizzard", blew through the region.
The storm hit the Oklahoma Panhandle and Northwestern Oklahoma first, and moved south for the remainder of the day. It hit Beaver around 4:00 p.m., Boise City around 5:15 p.m., and Amarillo, Texas, at 7:20 p.m.
The conditions were the most severe in the Oklahoma and Texas panhandles, but the storm's effects were felt in other surrounding areas. Continued

Saturday, April 13, 2019

Butch Cassidy

From left, Harry Alonzo Longabaugh (The Sundance Kid), William (News) Carver, Benjamin (The Tall Texan) Kilpatrick, 
 Harvey (Kid Curry) Logan, and Robert Leroy Parker (Butch Cassidy).
(Wikipedia) Robert Leroy Parker (April 13, 1866 – November 7, 1908), better known as Butch Cassidy, was a notorious American train robber and bank robber, and the leader of a gang of criminal outlaws known as the "Wild Bunch" in the American Old West.
After participating in criminal activity in the United States for more than a decade at the end of the 19th century, the pressures of being pursued by law enforcement, notably by the Pinkerton detective agency, forced Parker to flee the country with an accomplice, Harry Alonzo Longabaugh, known as the "Sundance Kid", and Longabaugh's girlfriend Etta Place.
The trio traveled first to Argentina and then to Bolivia, where Parker and Longabaugh were supposedly killed in a shootout with Bolivian police in November 1908; the exact circumstances of their fate continue to be disputed. Continued

Friday, April 12, 2019

First county in Texas Panhandle organized

Photo: wheelertexas.org
(Texas Day by Day) On this day in 1879, Wheeler County became the first organized county in the Texas Panhandle.
The Kiowas and Comanches, who displaced the earlier Apache peoples around 1700, dominated the area until the mid-1870s. By that time buffalo hunters had already established a settlement, called Hidetown or Sweetwater, in the area. Continued

Thursday, April 11, 2019

Old House 151

Porter, New Mexico

Tucumcari Rawhide Days: First Weekend of May

 
Entertainment For The Whole Family. Live Music & Dancing, Motor-less Parade with a Longhorn Cattle Drive, Gunfighters, Chuck Wagons, Trick Roper, Longhorn Photo Op, Blacksmith Competition, Fine Metal Art Auction, Food, Vendors & Kid Games. Continued